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A bunion (hallux valgus) is a painful, bony prominence on the joint at the base of the big toe. While it looks like a bump, it is truly a malalignment of the first bone of the great toe with the bone of the foot. Bunions are a failure of the soft tissue that holds the bones in the correct position the bones that make up the joint at the base of the big toe move out of alignment. Over time, the toe deviates towards the second toe and the metatarsal head becomes prominent on the inner border of the foot.

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Symptoms of Bunions:

The most prevalent symptom of a bunion is the visible bump that appears on the inside of the foot. Other symptoms include:

  • Pain and tenderness
  • Redness and inflammation
  • Hardened skin on the bottom of the foot
  • A callus or corn on the bump
  • Stiffness and restricted motion in the big toe, which may lead to difficulty in walking

What are the Treatment options for a Bunion?

Bunions are typically treated with conservative measures, although conservative treatment will not cure the bunion, it can reduce pain and keep the bunion from worsening. Conservative treatment options usually include:

  • Changes in footwear
  • Padding the foot
  • Orthotics
  • Icing
  • Medications
  • Surgery

Surgery may be recommended if, after a period of time, conservative treatments have failed to eliminate the pain or there is still difficulty walking. More information can be found at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: Bunions.

About Dr. Alexis Dixon

Dr. Alexis Dixon is an orthopedic foot and ankle specialist at DISC where she commonly diagnoses and treats arthritis of the foot and ankle, tendinitis and tears of the peroneal, Achilles, and posterior tibial tendons, flatfoot deformity, osteochondral lesions, plantar fasciitis, hallux valgus/bunions, hallux rigidus/arthritis of the great toe, deformities of the lesser toes, metatarsalgia, Morton’s neuroma, ankle sprains and turf toe, among all other injuries of the foot and ankle, including sports and degenerative injuries.




About the author

discmdgroup DISC Sports and Spine Center (DISC) is one of America’s foremost providers of minimally invasive spine procedures and advanced arthroscopic techniques. Our individually picked, highly specialized physicians apply both established and innovative solutions to diagnose, treat, and rehabilitate their patients in a one-stop, multi-disciplinary setting. With a wide range of specialists under one roof, the result is an unmatched continuity of care with more efficiency, less stress for the patient, and a zero MRSA infection rate. Read more articles by discmdgroup.